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ESA Human and Robotic Exploration

  1. This Saturday 20 July at 18:28 CEST (16:28 GMT) ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano, NASA astronaut Drew Morgan and Roscosmos commander Alexander Skvortsov will be launched to the International Space Station from the Baiknonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.


  2. Dozens of very different commercial and institutional missions to the Moon are planned for the coming decades.

    These encompass everything from NASA’s manned Lunar Gateway research station and cubesats from start-ups and universities to commercial landers carrying rovers.

    The heightened interest in going to the Moon shows that there could be a market in providing satellite communications beyond Earth.


  3. Half a century ago humans stepped on the Moon for the first time in a set of sorties that awed the world. Over the years since we have explored our Solar System with robotic scouts and established a permanent human presence in space with the International Space Station.


  4. The next astronauts to join the International Space Station are on their marks for their launch to Earth’s orbit on 20 July, a date that also commemorates the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing.


  5. There is little known about the effects of space radiation on the human body. Astronauts cannot see or feel it, yet the high doses they are exposed to outside Earth’s cocoon pose health hazards for trips to the Moon and Mars. To help investigate and find out more, European scientists can now accelerate atoms at close to the speed of light to learn how to protect astronauts.